While the African continent has long been plagued by the HIV epidemic, many countries have since embarked on ambitious health policies, barely slowed by the Covid episode. On this December 1st, World AIDS Day provides an opportunity to take stock of the situation, and to highlight issues that go far beyond the health and medical impact of the epidemic, to include new economic and socio-cultural implications.
Health systems in sub-Saharan Africa reflect chronic technical and human underdevelopment. A better understanding of these deficiencies is essential to bring the African health economy closer to international standards, which have been steadily rising in recent years thanks to major medical advances. This public health issue goes beyond the African continent. It is one of the major challenges of tomorrow, which the world must rise to if it is not to upset the increasingly fragile social and geopolitical balance of the world.